"RULE 1: Singular noun names ONE person, place, thing, or idea. " "EXAMPLE: shirt = 1 shirt"
RULE 2: Plural noun names MORE than one person, place, thing, or idea. In English, a plural noun is formed by adding -s to the singular form of the noun." "EXAMPLE: shirt s= shirts (more than 1)"
RULE 3: Nouns ending in -s, -sh, -ch, and -x, form their plural by adding -es to the singular." "EXAMPLE: dress es = dresses (more than 1)" box boxes "
RULE 4: When a noun ends with a voiceless consonant like [p, t, k, s, ch] the plural ending sound is pronounced /s/." "EXAMPLE: shirt (voiceless consonant (t)) s (sound /s/) " "sock (voiceless consonant (k)) s (sound /s/)" "
RULE 5: When a noun ends in a voiced consonant [b,d,g,m,n,r,l,v], or vowel sound, the plural ending is pronounced /z/." "EXAMPLE: mitten (voiced consonant (n)) s (sound /z/) " "sweater (voiced consonant (r)) s (sound /z/)" "
RULE 6: When a noun ends with a sibilant, meaning the word ends with a lot of hissy “es” or “ch” or “sh” or “zzz” sounds, the plural ending is pronounced [ɪz], which forms an additional syllable on the end of the noun." "EXAMPLE: glass (hissy s) es (ɪz) " "
RULE 7: An irregular noun is a singular noun that becomes plural by changing its entire spelling, not just by added '-s' or '-es'." e.g.: 1. a man - men 2. a woman - women 3. a child - children 4. a person - people 5. a tooth - teeth 6. a mouse - mice